HIGH NUMBER OF WORKING PAPERS PUBLISHED BY DIAL RESEARCH TEAMS
First results of transnational research on inequality across the life-course
While working on new research projects, researchers are generally eager to share their first results, with other scientists in the field or with a wider audience. This is often done through the format of a working paper, for example as a manuscript offered to academic journals. A working paper can also be a report with preliminary research results from a particular case study. In the transnational research programme Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course: structures and processes (DIAL), funded by NORFACE, several working papers have recently been published. All are available for download on the website of the DIAL programme.
Some examples of DIAL working papers
The working paper The Complexity of Employment & Family Life Courses across 20th Century Europe shows first results of research conducted within the DIAL project Inequality, early adult life courses and economic outcomes at mid-life in comparative context (EQUALLIVES). The working paper focuses on change of employment and family instability. This is particularly special, since it is the first time that data in 29 European countries have been compared and that cohorts comprised younger generations born after the late fifties. Results across Europe show a negligible increase of family instability and a moderate increase of labour instability. Also, the study shows polarisation between countries with low and high family complexity.
How does the increase of paid parental leave affect the long-term life satisfaction of children? This question is being raised in many countries. In the eighties parental leave in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) was extended from five to twelve months. Researchers from the DIAL project The impact of childhood circumstances on individual outcomes over the life-course (IMCHILD) describe in the working paper The baby year parental leave reform in the GDR and its impact on children’s long-term life satisfaction that they found positive long-term parental leave effects on now-adult children’s life satisfaction. Further results suggest that driving factors of the increase in life satisfaction are a better health for males and individuals with high-educated mothers, and personality development for males and individuals with lower-educated mothers.
Reducing the gender pay gap is a topical theme. Within the DIAL research project Human capital and inequality during adolescence and working life (HuCIAW), a working paper on Wages, Experience and Training of Women over the Lifecycle has been published. It elaborates on research that has been conducted within the United Kingdom on how educational and work experience affect the evolution of wages and careers. Using a life cycle model, the researchers examined the impact over an 18-year period. They conclude that education and training can make a significant contribution to offsetting the negative income and career effects of having children, especially among women who have left school after high school. This contrasts with the fact that most training takes place among University graduates.
Dynamics of Inequality Across the Life-course (DIAL) is a multi-disciplinary and transnational research programme consisting of thirteen European research projects that started in 2017/2018. The research projects examine the sources, structures and consequences of inequalities in contemporary societies. The programme is funded by NORFACE for the period 2017–2021 and receives top-up funding from the European Commission as an H2020 ERA-NET
NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Cooperation in Europe) is a collaboration of national research funders from twenty European countries in the field of social and behavioral sciences. NORFACE offers joint financing options, supports existing networks and stimulates the formation of new networks. More information about NORFACE, its partners and research programmes can be found on the NORFACE website.