Theme 4: Shifting identities and representation



Demographic, social, and cultural changes have generated new political cleavages and struggles over representation. Ageing populations, declining blue-collar workforces, and rural-to-urban migration, for instance, reshape demands and identities. Along with changing identities and cleavages, there are significant shifts in the loci of democratic engagement. Political parties, labour unions and traditional media are losing their role as primary mediators and distributors of political interests and information. Social media and the internet have become increasingly influential, fostering an emergence of ‘virtual communities’ and new forms of social movements. Thus, there is reason to believe that we are witnessing not only shifts in the sites of representation but in the degree to which they are viewed as legitimate as well.

The following publications by the Governance consortia relate to the shifting identities and representation:


  • Dziuban, A., Faust, F., Sekuler, T., Struzik, J., Bonde, L., & Nicholls, E. J. (2021). HIV/AIDS and its monsters. Negotiating criminalisation along the monster–human continuum. European Journal of Cultural Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/13675494211017911.



  • Van der Zwan, N., & Golka, P. (2022). Intern toezicht bij Nederlandse pensioenfondsen: Vertrouwen, diversiteit en de lerende Organisatie [Internal supervision in Dutch pension funds: Trust, diversity and the learning organization], research report for the Monitoringcommissie Code Pensioenfondsen.
  • Wiß, T. (2022). 5 Continental European welfare states. In B. Greve (Ed.), De Gruyter Handbook of Contemporary Welfare States (pp. 65-84). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110721768-005
  • Agunsoye, A., & James, H. (2022). ‘I had to take control’: gendered finance rationality in the UK. Review of International Political Economy. DOI: 10.1080/09692290.2022.2113114


  • Ershova A., Khokhlova A., Yordanova N., Schmidt F. D., & Glavaš G. (2021). Curb EU Enthusiasm: Categorising the Commission’s Responsiveness. Presented at European Political Science Association 2021 conference, University Association for Contemporary European Studies 2021 conference, and INDIVEU workshop 2021.
  • Ershova A., Khokhlova A., & Yordanova N. (2021). Constraining the Agency to Please the Public: the New Mode of Responsiveness in the EU. Presented at the European Political Science Association 2021 conference, the American Political Science Association 2021.



  • Hillebrandt, M., Leino-Sandberg, P., & Koivisto, I. (2023). (In)visible European Government. Taylor & Francis.


  • Cea D’Ancona, M. Á., & Valles Martínez, M. S. (2021). Multiple Discrimination: From Perceptions and Experiences to Proposals for Anti-Discrimination Policies. Social & Legal Studies, 30(6), 937–958. https://doi.org/10.1177/0964663920983534.
  • Eseverri-Mayer, C. (2021). Self-Identification in a Spanish barrio and a French banlieue: The Case of North African Second Generations. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 8(2), 145–166. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/640.
  • Khir-Allah, G. (2021). Framing Hijab in the European Mind: Press Discourse, Social Categorization and Stereotypes. Springer Nature. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-981-16-1653-2.
  • Hussain, A. (2022). Street Salafism: Contingency and urbanity as religious creed. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. https://doi.org/10.1177/02637758211069989.
  • Poli, A., & Fabbiano, G. (2020). Les femmes et l’islam dans la décennie 2000. L’espace de mobilisation des migrantes et descendantes d’immigrés. Hommes & Migrations, 1331 (4), p. 29-36.



  • Kurer, T., Häusermann, S. (2022). Automation Risk, Social Policy Preferences and Political Participation. In. Busemeyer, Marius, Achim Kemmerling, Kees van Kersbergen and Paul Marx (eds.), Digitalization and the Welfare State, Oxford University Press.
  • Kuo, A., Manzano, D., & Gallego, A. (2023). Automation versus openness: Support for policies to address job threats. Journal of Public Policy, 1-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0143814X23000260


  • Caluwaerts, D., & Reuchamps, M. (2021, ed.). Belgian Exceptionalism: Belgian Politics between Realism and Surrealism. Abingdon: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003104643.
  • Doyle, L., Easterbrook, M. J., & Harris, P. R. (2022). Roles of socioeconomic status, ethnicity and teacher beliefs in academic grading. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 00, 1– 22.https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12541
  • Grozev, V.H. & Easterbrook, M.J. (2022) The relationships of employed students to non-employed students and non-student work colleagues: Identity implications. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 22, 712– 734. https://doi.org/10.1111/asap.12315
  • Bernaerts, K., Blanckaert, B., & Caluwaerts, D. (2022). Institutional design and polarization. Do consensus democracies fare better in fighting polarization than majoritarian democracies?. Democratization. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2022.2117300
  • Turner-Zwinkels, F. M., van Noord, J., Kesberg, R., García-Sánchez, E., Brandt, M., Kuppens, T., Easterbrook, M. J., Turner-Zwinkels, T., Górska, P., Marchlewska, M. Smets, L. (2023). Affective polarization and political belief systems: The role of political identity, and the content and structure of political beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
  • Caluwaerts, D., Bernaerts, K., Kesberg, R., Smets, L. Spruyt, B. (2023). Deliberation and polarization: a multi-disciplinary review. Frontiers in Political Science 5, pp. 1-13.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpos.2023.1127372
  • Blanckaert, B. & Caluwaerts, D. (2023). Do birds of a feather flock together? Patterns of ethnolinguistic group representation in the Brussels Capital Region. Swiss Political Science Review online first. https://doi.org/10.1111/spsr.12573
  • Michalski, P., Marchlewska, M., Szczepańska, D., Rogoza, M., & Molenda, Z. (2023) When Politics Affects the Self: High Political Influence Perception Predicts Civic and Political Participation. Journal of Social and Political Psychology. https://jspp.psychopen.eu/index.php/jspp/article/view/8379
  • Cichocka, A., Marchlewska, M., & Cisłak, A. (2023). Self‐Worth and Politics: The Distinctive Roles of Self‐Esteem and Narcissism. Political Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12897
  • Caluwaerts, D., Erzeel, S., Junius, N., Matthieu, J. & Polfliet, D. (accepted). United by history, divided by God? Religion among Dutch and Belgian members of the European Parliament. Forthcoming in Religion, State & Society.
  • Blanckaert, B. & Caluwaerts, D. (forthcoming). Out of Many, One? Exploring Ethnolinguistic Identity Appeals in the Brussels Capital Region. Accepted for publication in Publius: The Journal of Federalism. https://doi.org/10.1093/publius/pjae010
  • van Noord, J., Turner-Zwinkels, F. M., Kesberg, R., Brandt, M. J., Easterbrook, M. J., Kuppens, T., Spruyt, B. (2024). The nature and structure of European belief systems: exploring the varieties of belief systems across 23 European countries. European Sociological Review. https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcae011


  • Çelik, B. (2023). Communications in Turkey and the Ottoman Empire. UI Press. 


  • Triviño-Salazar, J. C. (2023). Transnational City Networks on Migration and Integration and Local Collaborative Governance: Establishing the Nexus. International Migration Review. DOI: 10.1177/01979183231154558
  • Albareda, A., Braun, C., & Fraussen, B. (2023). Explaining why public officials perceive interest groups as influential: on the role of policy capacities and policy insiderness. Policy Sci. DOI: 10.1007/s11077-023-09491-9